SUSTAINABLE TOURISM CHARTER

1. Tourism development must be based on sustainability criteria, which means that it must be ecologically sustainable in the long term, economically viable and ethically and socially equitable for local communities. Sustainable development is a guided process that considers the holistic management of resources to ensure their viability, thereby preserving our natural and cultural capital, including protected areas. As a powerful instrument of development, tourism can and must actively participate in the strategy of sustainable development. One of the conditions for good management of tourism is to guarantee the sustainability of the resources on which it depends.

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2. Tourism must contribute to sustainable development and be integrated into the natural, cultural and human environment; it must respect the fragile balances that characterize many tourist destinations, in particular small islands and ecologically sensitive areas. Tourism should ensure an acceptable evolution with regard to its influence on natural resources, biodiversity and the capacity to assimilate the impacts and residues produced.

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3. Tourism must take into account its effects on the cultural heritage and traditional elements, activities and dynamics of each local community. Recognition of these local factors and support for the identity, culture and interests of the local community must at all times play a central role in the formulation of tourism strategies, particularly in developing countries.

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4. The active contribution of tourism to sustainable development necessarily presupposes solidarity, mutual respect and the participation of all actors, public and private, involved in the process, and must be based on effective cooperation mechanisms at all levels: local, national. , regional and international.

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5. The conservation, protection and enhancement of the natural and cultural heritage constitute a privileged area of ​​cooperation. This approach implies that all managers must take up a real challenge, that of cultural, technological and professional innovation, and must also undertake a major effort to create and implement planning and integrated management instruments.

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6. Quality criteria, both for the preservation of the tourist destination and for the ability to satisfy tourists, determined jointly with local communities and informed by the principles of sustainable development, should constitute priority objectives in the formulation of tourism strategies and projects. .

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7. To participate in sustainable development, tourism must rely on the diversity of opportunities offered by the local economy. It should be fully integrated into local economic development and contribute positively to it.

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8. All tourism development options must serve effectively to improve the quality of life for all and must influence the socio-cultural enrichment of each destination.

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9. Governments and competent authorities, with the participation of NGOs and local communities, will undertake actions aimed at integrating tourism planning as a contribution to sustainable development.
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10. Considering the fact that economic and social cohesion among the peoples of the world is a fundamental principle of sustainable development, it is urgent to promote measures allowing a more equitable distribution of the benefits and burdens of tourism. This involves changing consumption patterns and introducing pricing methods that internalize environmental costs. Governments and multilateral organizations should prioritize and strengthen direct, non-directed support for tourism projects that contribute to improving the quality of the environment. In this context, it is necessary to study in depth the application of internationally harmonized economic, legal and fiscal instruments to ensure the sustainable use of tourism resources.

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11. Ecologically and culturally vulnerable spaces, now and in the future, will receive particular priority in terms of technical cooperation and financial assistance for the development of sustainable tourism. Likewise, special treatment should be given to areas that have been degraded by outdated, high-impact tourism models.

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12. The promotion of alternative forms of tourism compatible with the principles of sustainable development, as well as the encouragement of diversification, constitute a guarantee of stability in the medium and long term. In this regard, it is necessary, especially for many small islands and ecologically sensitive areas, to actively pursue and strengthen regional cooperation.

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13. Governments, industry, authorities and tourism-related NGOs should promote and participate in the creation of open networks for research, dissemination of information and transfer of appropriate knowledge on tourism and environmentally sustainable tourism technologies.

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14. The establishment of a sustainable tourism policy necessarily requires the support and promotion of environmentally friendly tourism management systems, feasibility studies for the transformation of the sector, as well as the implementation of demonstration projects. and the development of international cooperation programs.

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15. The travel industry, in collaboration with organizations and NGOs whose activities are related to tourism, develops specific frameworks for positive and preventive actions aimed at ensuring the sustainable development of tourism and establishes programs to support the implementation of implementation of these practices. They monitor achievements, report on results and exchange experiences.

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16. Particular attention should be given to the role and environmental impact of transport in tourism, as well as to the development of economic instruments to reduce the use of non-renewable energies.

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17. The adoption and implementation of codes of conduct conducive to sustainability by key tourism stakeholders, in particular the industry, is fundamental for tourism to be sustainable. Such codes can be effective instruments for the development of responsible tourism activities.

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18. All necessary measures should be implemented to inform and raise awareness of all stakeholders in the tourism industry, at local, national, regional and international level, about the content and objectives of the Lanzarote Conference.

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